The scenario of private sector banks saw
considerable changes post the RBI’s ownership guidelines.
On Monday, banks, non-banking finance
companies (NBFCs) and microfinance institutions (MFIs) traded near multi-year
highs in financial stocks. In the early morning trade on BSE, banking and
non-banking shares grew up to 20%. Shares of financial companies after the
internal working group (IWG) of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) reviewing the
corporate structure of private sector banks proposed sweeping changes in bank
ownership, enabling large corporate and industrial houses to own banks by
amending the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.
Recommendations were provided by the
panel on the promoter''''s shareholding in private banks, including minimum
capital requirements for new banks. It has also suggested that well-run large
NBFCs with total assets of Rs50,000 crore and above may be considered for
bank conversion, while payment banks may after three years of being in
operation, be permitted to convert into small finance banks (SFBs).
Below are some significant
recommendations of RBI.
· The ceiling on the long-term stake of promoters (15 years)
may be lifted from the current level of 15% to 26% of the bank''''s paid-up voting
With respect to non-promoter shareholding, all forms of
shareholders may be subject to a uniform limit of 15% of the bank''''s paid-up
voting equity shares.
Well managed large non-banking financial companies (NBFCs)
with an asset size of approximately Rs50,000 crore and above, including those
owned by a corporate house, may be considered for conversion into banks subject
to the completion of 10 years of operations and the fulfilment of due diligence
requirements and compliance with the additional conditions set out in this
The minimum initial capital required for
licensing new banks should be enhanced from ?500 crore to about ?1,000 crore
for universal banks, and from ?200 crore to about ?300 crore for SFBs.
Although banks licensed prior to 2013 may at their
discretion, transfer to the NOFHC (Non-Operative Financial Holding Company) structure
once the NOFHC structure has obtained a tax-neutral status, all banks licensed
prior to 2013 shall move to the NOFHC structure within five years of the
RBI can take measures to ensure harmonization and continuity
in the various licensing guidelines to the extent practicable.
Private sector banks have quickly
gained market share from around 18 % (2015) to around 30% (2020) over the last
five years, and we see this trend accelerating at a faster pace now.
JM Financial reported that it was
strongly positive for IndusInd, IDFC Ltd, Equitas Holding, Ujjivan Financial,
Equitas SFB, Ujjivan SFB, and marginally positive for RBL, DCB, Kotak, ICICI
Bank and Neutral for HDFC Bank and Bandhan on the report of the RBI Internal
RBI, RBI’s ownership
guidelines, RBI’s recommendations, Stock market, Share market, NSE, BSE, NBFC,
NOHFC, SFB, IWG, MFI, Private sector banks, Banking institutes, Universal
banks, Licensing new banks, RBI’s internal committee.