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Margin pledge system February 11 2021Margin pledge system, Stocks, Demat account

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What Is Pledging Of Shares

By definition, pledging refers to the process of using your stocks as securities to enjoy the benefits of a loan. It operates like any other mortgage loan, like gold jewellery in a gold loan, where you use an asset as collateral. Traders in the F&O segment also use pledging to acquire the broker's margin financing to invest in transactions that require substantial initial investment.

With effective from September 1, 2020, the pledging of shares was made mandatory in the capital markets

What Is Margin Pledge

In the world of stock trading, margin is a common term. It enables investors, at the first level, to leverage and invest in deals without taking high risk. Your risk exposure is limited to the securities you have used as leverage when you use pledges. The broker liquidates the stocks in the margin account to recover its debt if you are unable to repay the margin. The Stock broker serves as a custodian for the securities or funds in the margin account.

In addition to their trading account cash balances, stockbrokers offered their clients trading limits based on their Demat account holdings prior to the new mandate. Effectively, the broker considered these as margin collateral, since, they were entitled to swipe shares from the Demat accounts of the customers, if needed. At the moment of account opening, this privilege was based on a power of attorney (POA) signed by the customer.

This mechanism was considered risky by the regulator and the system of pledging of shares was therefore instituted as a financial cushion for investors. The pledging process is initiated by the customer via his broker under the new system and executed by the depositories (NSDL/CDSL) and must be confirmed by the investor with OTP authentication.

The regulator had made it mandatory for investors to maintain a minimum margin of 20 percent before any trade is carried out. The settlement of trade is normally on the basis of T+2 (2 days after the trading day). So, now, if you want to buy stocks worth Rs 50,000, you need a compulsory Rs 10,000 margin, even if you're selling the same stock within next two days.

Here are the key points

1) Until sold, shares continue to remain in the Demat account of customers.

2) As long as customers have stocks in their Demat account, they have access to margins through pledge.

3) The entire pledging process is completely digital and smooth.

4) As the stocks remain in their Demat account, investors continue to be liable for all corporate acts such as dividends, etc. accumulating on their pledged stocks.

Such transitions enabled a smooth and more transparent share trading ecosystem for the share holders and the stock exchange.

Blog Enquiry

Prevent Unauthorized Transactions in your demat and trading account --> Update your Mobile Number/Email id with your Depository Participant and Stock Broker. Receive alerts on your Registered Mobile for all debit and other important transactions in your demat/trading account directly from CDSL and Stock Exchanges on the same day.........issued in the interest of investors...

1. Stock Brokers can accept securities as margin from clients only by way of pledge in the depository system w.e.f. September 1, 2020.

2. Update your Mobile Number & Email Id with your Stock Broker/ Depository Participant and receive OTP directly from Depository on your Email Id and/ or Mobile Number to create pledge.

3. Pay 20% upfront margin of the transaction value to trade in cash market segment.

4. Investors may please refer to the Exchange's Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) issued by NSE vide. Circular No. NSE/INSP/45191 dated: July 31, 2020 and NSE/INSP/45534 and BSE vide Notice No. 20200731-7, dated: July 31, 2020 and 20200831- 45 dated: August 31, 2020 and dated: August 31, 2020 and other guidelines issued from time to time in this regard.

5. Check your Securities/ MF/ Bonds in the Consolidated Account Statement issued by NSDL/ CDSL every month.


  • 9 out of 10 individual traders in equity Futures and Options Segment, incurred net losses.
  • On an average, loss makers registered net trading loss close to ₹ 50,000.
  • Over and above the net trading losses incurred, loss makers expended an additional 28% of net trading losses as transaction costs.
  • Those making net trading profits, incurred between 15% to 50% of such profits as transaction cost
"As per the directives of CDSL and esteemed Exchanges, it has been made mandatory for every client to furnish their latest KYC details viz. Valid Mobile No., Email- Id & Income range on or before 31.05.2021 else your Account will be marked as Non Compliant and will be Freezed till the compliance of such requirement."
"No need to issue cheques by investors while subscribing to IPO. Just write the bank account number and sign in the application form to authorize your bank to make payment in case of allotment. No worries for refund as the money remains in investor's account."
"KYC is one time exercise while dealing in securities markets - once KYC is done through a SEBI registered intermediary (broker, DP, Mutual Fund etc.), you need not undergo the same process again when you approach another intermediary."
Dear Investor if you wish to revoke your un-executed eDis mandate, please mail us with ISIN and quantity on by today EOD."

INDIRA SECURITIES PVT.LTD. (SEBI REG.NO.):NSE TMID: 12866, BSE TMID: 663, CDSL DPID: 17000 SEBI REG. NO.: INZ000188930, MCX TM ID: 56470, NCDEX TM ID: 01277, CDSL REG. NO.: IN-DP-90-2015, CIN : U67120MH1996PTC160201




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