What is Short Selling?
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Stock Market Trading | August 10

What is Short Selling?

Trading is not just about buying of shares at a low price and selling them back at a higher price, it’s about exploiting the right opportunities. Given the unpredictable nature of the market, a wise investor tries to sail through and take advantage of any given situation, favorable or unfavorable.

What is Short Sell?

Short selling is a term used when an investor sells the stocks that he doesn’t own or possess. That means it is the selling of the stock with a belief that the price of the very same stocks will fall and he will make a profit by repurchasing the stocks at a low rate. He has to also make sure to close his position the very same day. If he fails to cover the stocks before the closure of the market, the stocks will be auctioned by the exchange.

Who can Short Sell?

Short selling is very much in practice among retail investors. They can short sell according to their convenience as and when they want. But banks, insurance companies and other institutional investors are not allowed to short sell in India as the SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) does not permit them to do so. However, the matter is up for consideration before the SEBI on the issue of letting institutional investors to short sell.

How to Short Sell?

Though the process of short selling or selling short is pretty simple, certain things need to be kept in mind. In order to be able to sell short, you have to first open a margin account with a brokerage firm and maintain a certain amount or certain number of stocks as margin. Then, your broker allows you to borrow stocks twice the size of the amount you have in the margin account. For example, you have Rs. 50,000/- cash or stocks of the same value in the margin account, you can borrow stocks of worth Rs.100,000/- to short sell.

When to Short Sell?

Sometimes, as a result of manipulation, the market price of stocks of certain companies rocket sky high. This is when smart investors short sell their borrowed stocks and wait for the price to fall back to its normal rate. As soon as it happens, they repurchase the same number of stocks. This presents an opportunity for an investor not only to earn profit but also to build a robust portfolio that can withstand any downturn. Short selling also has its own fair share of risks. So it is important for an investor to do a thorough study and take calculated risks to avoid loss.

Also read: Major Types of Investment Risks for Stock Investors


At the end of the day, all that matters to an investor is profit. What truly doesn’t matter is whether it comes through short selling or through regular trading formula of buying low and selling high. At Indira Securities, we provide all time quality services to an investor. If you are looking forward to enjoying low brokerage and unmatched services, you can open a Demat account with us. You can also avail to our powerful training programs on how to become a smart trader or investor.






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